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Monkey that Purrs like a Cat is Among New Species Discovered in Amazon Rainforest

More than 400 new species described by scientists over four years in vast Amazon rainforest

Washington, D.C. – At least 441 new species of animals and plants have been discovered over a four year period in the vast, underexplored rainforest of the Amazon, including a monkey that purrs like a cat.

Found between 2010 and 2013, the species include a flame-patterned lizard, a thumbnail-sized frog, a vegetarian piranha, a brightly coloured snake, and a beautiful pink orchid, according to World Wildlife Fund (WWF).

Discovered by a group of scientists and compiled by WWF, the new species number 258 plants, 84 fish, 58 amphibians, 22 reptiles, 18 birds and one mammal. This total does not include countless discoveries of insects and other invertebrates.

“These species form a unique natural heritage that we need to conserve. This means protecting their home – the amazing Amazon rainforest – which is under threat from deforestation and dam development,” said Claudio Maretti, Leader of Living Amazon Initiative, WWF.

Some of the most remarkable species outlined in the report include:

•    Flame-patterned lizard: This beautiful lizard was found from the hatchlings of eggs collected by scientists in the Colombian Amazon. An elusive species, Cercosaura hypnoides, has not been seen in the wild since the original eggs were collected, raising the prospect that it could potentially be endangered.

•    Thumbnail-sized frog: This amphibian is already believed to be highly endangered. In fact, its Latin name, Allobates amissibilis, meaning “that may be lost,” alludes to this as the area where it thrives could soon be opened to tourism. This is now the third Allobates species found in Guyana.

•    Vegetarian Piranha: This new species of piranha, Tometes camunani, can span 20 inches wide and weigh up to 9 pounds, and is strictly herbivorous. The freshwater fish inhabits rocky rapids associated with seedlings of plants that grow among the rocks, its main source of food. Tometes is described from the upper drainages of the Trombetas River basin, Para, Brazilian Amazon.

•    A brightly coloured snake from the “Lost World”: Found in the mountains of Guyana, this brightly-colored snake species was named Chironius challenger after Arthur C. Doyle's fictional character Professor George Edward Challenger in the novel, The Lost World.

•    A beautiful pink orchid: Among the new plant species are a large number of new orchid species, including this splendid pink species, Sobralia imavieirae, officially described by scientists from Roraima in the Brazilian Amazon.

•    Caqueta titi monkey: This new species, Callicebus caquetensis, is one of about 20 species of titi monkey, which all live in the Amazon basin. The babies have an endearing trait, “When they feel very content they purr towards each other,” explained scientist Thomas Defler.

Many of the new discoveries are believed to be endemic to the Amazon rainforest and are found nowhere else in the world. This makes them even more vulnerable to rainforest destruction that occurs every minute across the Amazon.

“Compiling and updating data on new species discovered in the vast extension of the Amazon over the last four years has shown us just how important the region is for humanity and how fundamentally important it is to research it, understand it and conserve it. The destruction of these ecosystems is threatening biodiversity and the services it provides to societies and economies. We cannot allow this natural heritage to be lost forever,” Maretti said.

Editor’s Notes:

Photos and credits, and the list of the 441 discoveries can be accessed here: http://wwf.to/1cbSqLy

Methodology
This research presents a list of the new species from the Amazon Biome discovered from 2010 to 2013. Describing a new species refers to the official process by which a species is identified in the peer-reviewed scientific literature once discovered and therefore formally determined as ‘new’. Species currently awaiting official scientific recognition have not been included.

This research has tried to be comprehensive in its listing of new plants and vertebrates, but for the largest group of life on Earth, invertebrates, such lists do not exist – so the total number of new species presented here is an underestimate.

ABOUT WWF
WWF is the world’s leading conservation organization, working in 100 countries for nearly half a century. With the support of almost 5 million members worldwide, WWF is dedicated to delivering science-based solutions to preserve the diversity and abundance of life on Earth, halt the degradation of the environment and combat climate change. Visit www.worldwildlife.org to learn more.

About WWF Living Amazon Initiative
The Living Amazon Initiative spearheads WWF Network’s efforts to guarantee an ecologically healthy Amazon Biome that maintains its environmental and cultural contribution to local peoples, the countries of the region and the world, by maintaining ecological processes and services within a framework of that propitiates inclusive economic development with social equity and global responsibility.



Un mono que ronronea como gato,
entre las nuevas especies descubiertas en el Amazonas

Más de 400 especies descritas por primera vez por los científicos en los últimos 4 años en el inmenso bosque amazónico

Washington, D.C. – Por lo menos 441 nuevas especies de animales y plantas han sido descubiertas en los últimos cuatro años, en la inmensa y poco explorada selva del Amazonas, incluyendo un mono que ronronea como gato.

Entre las especies encontradas entre 2010 y 2013 se encuentra una lagartija con flamantes colores, una diminuta rana, una piraña vegetariana, una serpiente con colores brillantes y una hermosa orquídea rosa, según el Fondo Mundial para la Naturaleza (WWF, por sus siglas en inglés).

El número total de especies descubiertas por los científicos y compiladas por WWF comprende 258 plantas, 84 peces, 58 anfibios, 22 reptiles, 18 aves y un mamífero. Esto sin contar los innumerables descubrimientos de insectos y otros invertebrados.

"Estas especies son un patrimonio natural único que tenemos que conservar. Esto significa proteger su hogar, la increíble selva amazónica, la cual se encuentra amenazada por la deforestación y la construcción de represas”, dijo Claudio Maretti, líder de la Iniciativa Amazonía Viva de WWF.

Entre los hallazgos más destacados de este reporte se encuentran:

•    Lagartija con flamantes colores: Este hermoso reptil fue encontrado gracias a las crías que nacieron de unos huevos recolectados por los científicos en la Amazonía colombiana. La Cercosaura hypnoides es una especie escurridiza que no se ha visto antes en su estado natural, lo cual crea la sospecha de que podría estar en peligro de extinción.

•    Rana diminuta: Se cree que este anfibio se encuentra en peligro crítico de extinción. De hecho, su nombre en latín Allobates amissibilis significa "que se puede perder", debido a posibilidad de que su hábitat sea desarrollado para fines turísticos. Esta es la tercera especie Allobates que se encuentra en Guyana.

•    Piraña vegetariana: La Tometes camunani es estrictamente vegetariana, llega a medir hasta 50cm de largo y pesar 4kg. Habita en los rápidos rocosos donde abundan las plantas, su principal fuente de alimento. La Tometes se registró en los drenes superiores de la cuenca del Río Trombetas, en el Amazonas brasileño.

•    Serpiente de brillantes colores de “El Mundo Perdido”: Encontrada en las montañas de Guyana, esta especie fue nombrada Chironius challenger tras el Profesor George Edward Challenger, personaje ficticio de la obra “El Mundo Perdido” de Arthur C. Doyle.

•    Una hermosa orquídea rosa: Entre las nuevas especies de plantas descubiertas se enlista un gran número de orquídeas, incluyendo la Sobralia imavieirae, oficialmente descrita por los científicos de Roraima, en la amazonía brasileña.

•    Mono tití de Caquetá: El Callicebus caquetensis es una de las aproximadamente 20 especies de mono tití. Todas ellas viven en la cuenca del Amazonas. Una de las características más notables en las crías es que "cuando se sienten muy contentos se ronronean unos a otros", explicó el científico Thomas Defler.

Se cree que muchos de los nuevos descubrimientos son endémicos de la selva del Amazonas y no se encuentran en ningún otro lugar del mundo. Esto hace que las especies sean aún más vulnerables ante la continua destrucción – minuto a minuto – del Amazonas.

"Recopilar y actualizar la información sobre estas nuevas especies descubiertas en la inmensidad del Amazonas en los últimos cuatro años, nos demuestra cuán importante es esta región para la humanidad, y cuán importante también lo es investigarla, comprenderla y conservarla. La destrucción de estos ecosistemas está amenazando la biodiversidad y los servicios naturales que presta tanto a la sociedad como a la economía. No podemos permitir que este patrimonio natural se pierde para siempre", dijo Maretti.

Notas para los editores:

Las fotos, créditos correspondientes y la lista completa de las especies se pueden obtener en esta liga: http://wwf.to/1cbSqLy
 
Metodología

Esta investigación presenta la lista de las nuevas especies del Bioma Amazónico descubiertas entre 2010 y 2013. Describir una especie se refiere al proceso oficial por el cual una especie es identificada en la literatura científica una vez descubierta y por lo tanto catalogada formalmente como “nueva”. Las especies en espera de reconocimiento oficial científico aún no han sido incluidas en esta lista.

Esta investigación ha procurado ser lo más comprensiva posible al momento de enlistar plantas y vertebrados, sin embargo para el grupo más grande de la vida en la Tierra, los invertebrados, no existen tales listas. Por lo tanto el número total de nuevas especies que aquí se presenta es una subestimación.

Acerca de World Wildlife Fund
WWF es la organización de conservación más grande del mundo, con presencia en 100 países durante los últimos 50 años. Con el apoyo de cerca de 5 millones de miembros a nivel mundial, WWF se dedica a entregar soluciones basadas en la ciencia dirigidas a preservar la diversidad y la abundancia de la vida en el planeta, detener la degradación del ambiente y combatir el cambio climático. Para más información, visita www.worldwildlife.org y síguenos @WWFNoticias

Acerca de la Iniciativa Amazonía Viva de WWF
La Iniciativa Amazonía Viva es la punta de lanza de los esfuerzos de WWF para garantizar un bioma amazónico ecológicamente saludable que mantenga su contribución ambiental y cultural para las comunidades locales, los países de la región y el mundo, mediante el mantenimiento de los procesos y servicios ecológicos dentro de un marco que propicie el desarrollo económico con equidad social y responsabilidad global.

  • Callicebus_caquetensis-¬_Thomas_Defler.jpg

    Caqueta titi monkey

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